Comcast has announced that data used with their Xfinity-on-Xbox service will not count towards the 250gb data cap they currently administer to customers. A number of critics are claiming that Comcast’s policy is a violation of net neutrality. Before making any opinion, we need to understand the circumstances surrounding this particular streaming service.
Xfinity-on-Xbox is a video streaming service provided through Verizon and Comcast, although it has yet to launch on the Comcast platform. Net neutrality proponents argue that by allowing unlimited data usage through their service, Comcast is violating net neutrality, effectively giving users of their services an incentive to sign up: unlimited data usage via Xfinity. Comcast, alternatively, maintains that they are not violating net neutrality because the data used on the Xfinity service will be on a private IP network, not in the public domain. This raises an interesting question: Does net neutrality extend to the possiblity of competitive advantages, even if not directly related to data used on the public domain?
Net neutrality proponents claim that by offering their unlimited data cap on a private network, they have a competitve advantage over other video streaming services. The FCC does not currently have any protocol involving data usage on private networks and its related effects on competition, so it is probable that Comcast will begin distributing this service without any inhibition.
Net neutrality is typically a very polarizing issue. I am all for net neutrality, but I’m conflicted: I also want a smaller amount of government interference in our daily lives. Imagine building a service and company from scratch, providing the service, then being told that you had to abide by certain rules because you were too successful. Anti-competition directly contradicts the capitalist ethos that drives our economy. Again, I’m pro net neutrality, but I have conflicting views with the overarching theme of government regulation in most facets of our daily lives. It seems as though people don’t want government at all until something goes wrong, or something is unfair, or we don’t agree with our competitors, then we’re begging for its help. So is life in the digital-political landscape.
The Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism (PEJ) released their annual State of the News Media report, detailing trends in the news industry. Here are some of the key findings, summarized:
- Mobile news applications are giving readers a deeper experience with news than on personal computers. It was found that, generally, mobile news applications were adding to, and not replacing, people’s news consumption. The applications are allowing readers to turn to news organizations directly, rather than through a search or page links.
- Social media outlets, while still important, are not overwhelming drivers of news. While more than half of the US population is on Facebook, only 10% of digital news consumers follow recommendations from Facebook or Twitter ‘very often’. And almost all of that 10% are still using other ways besides social media, including mobile apps or going directly to news websites.
- CNN and MSNBC saw growth in viewership, while Fox News saw a second year of decline. CNN saw the largest increase in viewership, at 16%, while MSNBC saw a modest 3% increase. Fox News is still, by far, the leader in cable news consumption, but this trend is, at least, a little interesting.
- More news outlets are moving to digital subscriptions as a means of survival. Although some may attribute the move to digital subscriptions to the New York Times’ leadership in the news industry, it is clear that many newspapers could not survive without some kind of digital subscription. Most news papers have lost almost half of their ad revenue since 2006
There were some interesting findings in this year’s report. While no mention was made of gains in the tablet market, it is clear that mobile devices are seeing an increased usage for news consumption. I’m interested to see if the proliferation of news on mobile devices will erode some of the market share for tablets, seeing as mobile devices are becoming more versatile, while the tablet has a relatively small amount of room for feature diversification.
I was glad to see that social media has not become the primary medium for news consumption, especially since the stories I see people reading via Facebook are typically about Ryan Gosling’s abs or Snooki’s fist-bumping fetus (or that ‘Toddlers and Tiaras’ is ‘bizarre’… Really? I didn’t know that! I always thought the hypersexualization of children was socially encouraged. I mean, who doesn’t love 5-year-old girls who look like a cross between Ursula and Homey the Clown?)
Overall, the findings in the report weren’t entirely shocking. What it did do, however, was reaffirm that we’re becoming a digital society, and anyone or anything that doesn’t get with it is going to be left behind.
One of the more recent innovations in journalism has been the introduction of hyperlocal news sites, such as AOL’s Patch.com. Hyperlocal news allows consumers to get up-to-date news and entertainment focused on individual towns, villages, or even neighborhoods, giving the reader a much more intimate experience than they would normally have received via traditional, metropolitan-and-national-based news. But what is the next step in the progression of hyperlocal media?
A recent commentary by Dan Rodricks of the Baltimore Sun suggests that, while not explicitly mentioning the term ‘hyperlocal’, many people would love to see “…in-depth, daily looks at what’s going on in all facets of life in Maryland. Any time of day, you could turn to this channel and see and hear what’s happening in your state, your city, your town, even maybe your next-door neighbor’s house.” Is hyperlocal television on the horizon for news consumers?
According to Rodricks, hyperlocal television programming might look something like this:
“5-9 a.m.: A morning news/talk show, with the setting a large table in a restaurant, with two hosts holding court, talking about the overnight news, debriefing local reporters, taking calls from viewers. Brief weather and traffic reports, but in the main, conversation about the top local news.
9-10 a.m.: A newsmaker interview at a local coffee shop. Simple format: The host has a cup of coffee with a government official, business leader or community activist engaged in an issue of public interest. Calls, emails, Tweets from viewers.
10-11 a.m.: A home-front reality show with all kinds of possibilities — a weeklong visit to a busy Maryland household, a look into the life of a single mom, or a day-care center, or a home-school family.
11 a.m.-noon: A daily visit to the kitchen of a Baltimore or suburban restaurant to see lunch coming together.
Noon-2 p.m.: A daily talk show about life in Baltimore and Maryland. Hosts on a couch, with a parade of guests and topics, calls, emails from viewers. Low-cost production — essentially a radio show with a couple of robotic cameras.
2-3 p.m.: a daily visit to a family farm or vineyard somewhere in Maryland. There are videographers now toiling in TV news operations who would love this opportunity to follow a farmer or vintner and his workers through their daily chores, conversations and challenges.
3-4 p.m.: school of the week — a daily window into the operations of any K-12 school in Maryland. Mike up and follow a teacher or principal through a day.
4-5 p.m.: What’s cooking for dinner — a visit to someone’s house as the evening meal is prepared. A fun, slice-of-life show featuring a different home every day.
5-6 p.m.: Maryland’s business — mike up the owner of a small business and take a tour of a local company, from a florist to software developer, from a mechanic to the manager of a small manufacturing operation.
6-7 p.m.: Maryland politics — a lively, nightly talk show, with live conversations with legislators in Annapolis, a county executive or commissioner, or citizens who are mobilizing for some civic good. Calls, emails from viewers.
7-8 p.m.: Sports — a daily reality show about the players and coaches of a local high school or college team as it moves through a season.
8-9 p.m.: A different day-in-the-life show each night — let’s say, a nurse on Monday, a Baltimore cop on Tuesday, a hotel concierge on Wednesday, a college professor on Thursday, a Chesapeake waterman on Friday.
9-10 p.m.: Live local music from a Baltimore club, bar or concert hall.
10-11 p.m.: A recap of the day’s top regional news, with two hosts taking calls from listeners.
11-midnight: Live from a bar or diner, the Baltimore area’s own late-night talk show hosted by a rotation of local DJs, comics and commentators who conduct live interviews and take calls. Then, it’s good night, hon.”
It’s a very interesting approach to a popular medium. Millions of Americans already consume reality television in nauseating doses. Personally, I’d like to leave the news to the news people. Hearing Joe Shmo down the street opine about the most pressing issues affecting our society isn’t particularly interesting to me, because I could just as easily ask him about it; not to mention, I really don’t care what Joe Shmo has to say about the subject, because he’s Joe Shmo. I like to hear my news from experts and those who thoroughly understand the issues. Understandbly, these people are not living in every neighborhood. Television has increasingly become strictly a form of entertainment for Americans, rather than a medium for news. Generally, many Americans try to escape the dull monotony of life by turning on the television for a few hours, ironically escaping their lives via something we like to call ‘reality television’. Hyperlocal television would just add fuel to the fire. I believe millions of people would obsess over it, which is why I hope it never happens, for the sake of our society.
There is a battle going on in news rooms across the world; a battle whose outcome we may never know: The ongoing media struggle between truth and entertainment, or, what we should hear versus what we like to hear. In today’s media landscape, truth is a rare and valuable gem. Hyperbole and lies, however, are all too commonplace.
A recent Huffington Post article examines the accuracy of political attack ads in the current election cycle, and investigates the amount of truthful information we’re exposed to from various media. As it turns out, many of the political attack ads from Republican hopeful Super PACs are churning out a multitude of lies about other Republican presidential hopefuls and the president himself, some of which include:
–Mitt Romney’s Super PAC claims that Newt Gingrich supports China’s one-child policy
–Santorum’s Super PAC claims that Mitt Romney left Massachusetts with over $1 billion in debt
–The American Future fund (alliances unknown) claims that dozens of former Wall Street executives are serving under Obama (there are some, but only half as many as the list claims)
But how are the average news consumers, with 40+ hour a week jobs and kids and spouses, supposed to differentiate between what is true and what is false? The answer: They can’t. A recent survey indicates that 78% of people get their news primarily from television coverage. While the popularity of the internet as a news medium is growing, it is still only the 3rd most popular medium.
I suggest anyone reading this blog to check out Politifact and FactCheck, two of my favorite websites. They verify the accuracy of claims made by various individuals or groups, without any alliance to a particular party. It is imperative to seek the truth in all forms, and in todays media climate and relative ease of access to the internet, there is no excuse not to.
“Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.”
–Henry David Thoreau, “Walden”
An increasing number of urban poor are unable to afford internet access at home. An article by the Huffington Post used a number of anecdotes to describe the dire situation. The digitilization of education and job finding puts an added pressure to an already stressed-out demographic: low-income earners.
While the article seems to focus a lot on the minority aspect of those without cable, I think the biggest inhibitor to their internet access is their income. There are a number of different causes for their inconvenience, many of which are out of their control: the job market, while slightly improving, is still not where many would like to see it; lack of competition among ISP providers allows an artificial inflation of Internet service; and many simply don’t have access to broadband.
In the Bronx, the setting for one of the anecdotes, the medium household income is $34,000, with less than 40% of residents having in-home access to a broadband connection. In this day and age, being offline is actually more costly than being online. 80% of the Fortune 500 companies only accept online applications. As time is an incredibly valuable resource, many people who don’t have access to the internet don’t realize its value: an incredible increase in available time. Instead of waiting on lines to pay bills or filling out applications for jobs all over the city, they could just as easily be doing this all from a computer, and doing more of it with the increased time.
Although a little off-topic, I believe a working internet connection can be one of the most vital educational tools that anyone can have. Since those in lower-income areas typically aren’t as educated as other, higher-income areas, the internet is an amazing tool to level the playing field. Education is key in advancement in the workplace. Having constant access to emails, job applications, social networks, and the wealth of knowledge on the internet surely places those with a broadband connection at a distinct advantage over those without one. I can’t believe that, in our current state of technology, that those who need an internet connection the most don’t have it.